#9 SAVE ENERGY
There are many ways to save energy and therefore money. Some do a lot while others are more of a myth.
Time of Use plans
One of the best ways to save a lot of money is to select an energy plan for your house that fits your usage model. When a utility makes electricity they do it in a few different ways. Most power comes from what we call BASE power plants. These are plants that are always on, day, night, 24/7. Most of these are Coal and Nuclear. This electricity is cheap and efficient. Wind and solar energy are not really created under the control of the utility. A utility tries to have enough base power to provide all the power that their customers need at least 80% of the time. For the rest they turn to DEMAND power. This is power that they can either buy or turn on as needed. Hydroelectric is a great example. These plants are mostly turned off during the night, but during the top of the demand time they could be at full force. In addition power generated in cold climates can be sold to warmer clients during the summer and visa versa.
Because of the much higher cost of this DEMAND power electric companys want you to not use it, so they offer programs to encourage you to shift your usage to non peak times, and they also have programs to encourage you to use a more steady amount of power during these peak time. So it is simple, here is in Arizona I have APS, and I use a program called Combined Advantage. With this program I pay only 4 cents per kWh from 7pm until noon each day. But from noon until 7pm on weekdays I pay 6 cents during the winter and 9 cents during the summer. On top of that I have a demand fee of $13.40 per kW used during the highest 1 hour of usage during peak time. What this means for me is that I can use almost as much power as I want from 7pm until Noon and pay almost nothing. I just have to keep my usage down during the peak time. I have been able to never go above 6kW during my peak hour. By using this model I used 20% more power than last year but enjoyed bills over 30% LESS. Last year I was on the 9pm until 9am program, but it had no Demand Charge. I already had them look into how much it would cost if I was on the normal rate program and it would be over DOUBLE what I am paying now. So change your plan and cut your power bill in half.
Here in Arizona it does not get that cold. We have found that it is not a good idea to heat the entire house. When you heat with your large central heating system as much as half the heat you create escapes out of the unit itself or through the duct system. Even if you have a very efficient Gas heater like I do it is still much cheaper to just heat the rooms you need, especially if you are on a time of use electrical plan and only use it during the off peak time. When we stopped using the central heating system our gas bill went down by over $70 per month while our electric bill for the space heaters was only $10 more than the previous year.
Fans are another way to save money, a good ceiling fan will make you feel 5 degrees cooler than it actually is. With a fan an 80 degree room will feel like 75 degrees and that fan costs just pennies a month to run. Invest in ceiling fans and save money. Another way to save is to have door and window fans to draw in the outside air during the times of day that it is cooler.
I am a computer guy so of course I need to talk about technology a bit. An LCD monitor is much more efficient than the older CRT monitors, in fact the average 19″ CRT uses over 300W of power, while a LCD uses less than 25W, a HUGE difference. If used 40 hours a week, at the normal power rates this adds up to about $9 per month per monitor. With the cost of an LCD being about $120 that means that you would save about enough money in the first year to pay for the new monitor! So why are you still reading this on an OLD CRT.
While we are talking about saving money with computers, modern computer use MUCH less power than older ones. The NEW cpus use laptop technology to scale back power usage and use less power and less cooling. A new computer could be faster while saving as much as $3-5 per month in electricity. If you are like me and leave it on 24/7 that comes to more like $15-$20 per month.
Your car also uses power, in the form of Gas. You can do all the normal things like Tune up your car, and keep your tires inflated and you will receive a good 20%+ boost in the amount of mile you can drive. Of course you can also reduce unnecessary weight in your car, select routes that have fewer left turns but it turns out that one of the best things you can do is to NOT drive a steady speed. Don’t accelerate too fast, I try to keep my RPMs under 4000 at all times. It will use much less fuel if you accelerate for a time, then coast for a time, going back and forth, you could increase your MPG by 20% or more by doing this.
There are many more simple ways to save energy, many power companies will help you pay for an Energy Audit. This is where an expert will come in, usually with a infrared camera, and look for cold or hot spots on your house where you leak energy. Most energy is spent to heat of cool things so this is a real eyeopener.